Bradycardia is a condition where the heart beats slower than normal. This reduction in the heartbeat can lead to a number of health problems and most of them are related to supply less oxygen rich blood to the various parts of the body. There are a number of reasons that can cause bradycardia and most of these reasons can be corrected without the help of surgery. The symptoms of bradycardia are related to the lack of oxygen.
Bradycardia varies with the symptoms and severity. At time the condition is minor and there are no symptoms then there is no treatment required. However, in case you are experiencing symptoms then some of them may include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Continued fatigue
- Falling short of breath
- Loss of consciousness
Bradycardia can result from a number of factors that include:
- Congenital defects like presence of irregular heartbeat at the time of birth.
- The process of aging and degeneration results is the slowing of heartbeats.
- There are also some medicines used for cold and also diet pills that often cause arrhythmia.
- Also, any dysfunction in the electrical pathway of the heart can result in bradycardia.
Bradycardia can be of different types, but not all of them are considered to be life threatening. Some of the types of bradycardia include:
- Sinus – The heartbeat naturally slows down when you breathe and increases when the air is exhaled.
- Sick Sinus – A severe form of the sinus can lead to heart related illness. This is commonly called as flutter or arterial fibrillation.
- Atrioventricular Nodal – This is indicated by a slow movement between the trough and the ascent on the ECG.
- Ventricular – Heart rate is below 50 beats per minute.
- Infantile – This is seen in infants that have a heartbeat below 100.
However, it is important that palpitation of the heart slower than normal and any variation in the ECG needs to be diagnosed officially. The treatment of bradycardia depends on the severity and also on the symptoms experienced by the person. The doctor might prescribe some medications and also would ask you to make some lifestyle changes. In some of the cases, the doctor might ask you to wear a heart rate monitor that would record all the conditions of the heart and also record the overall health and the effect of the treatment that is being given.
If the person sees a doctor immediately after experiencing the symptoms of bradycardia then the condition can be taken care of quickly. It can be much easier to identify the cause of the problem and the course of treatment can be started promptly and effectively. If the instructions of the physician are followed properly then it is possible to see an improvement in the heart rate and also alleviation in the symptoms of the condition. That’s why, it is important that you see a doctor as soon as you experience any symptoms related to bradycardia.
– written by John Perry